Antwerpen - Stolpersteine
A Stolperstein literally "stumbling stone", metaphorically a "stumbling block" is a sett-size, 10 by 10 centimetres (3.9 in × 3.9 in) concrete cube bearing a brass plate inscribed with the name and life dates of victims of Nazi extermination or persecution.
The Stolpersteine project, initiated by the German artist Gunter Demnig in 1992, aims to commemorate individuals at exactly the last place of residency—or, sometimes, work—which was freely chosen by the person before he or she fell victim to Nazi terror, euthanasia, eugenics, was deported to a concentration or extermination camp, or escaped persecution by emigration or suicide. As of 29 March 2018, over 67,000 Stolpersteine have been laid in 22 countries, making the Stolpersteine project the world's largest decentralized memorial.
The majority of Stolpersteine commemorate Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Others have been placed for Sinti and Romani people (then also called "gypsies"), homosexuals, the physically or mentally disabled, Jehovah's Witnesses, black people, members of the Communist Party, the Social Democratic Party, and the anti-Nazi Resistance, the Christian opposition (both Protestants and Catholics), and Freemasons, along with International Brigade soldiers in the Spanish Civil War, military deserters, conscientious objectors, escape helpers, capitulators, "habitual criminals", looters, and others charged with treason, military disobedience, or undermining the Nazi military, as well as Allied soldiers.
Tuesday 5 March 2019, Gunter Demnig, the German artists and creator of the Stolpersteine, was in Antwerp to lay 26 stones with the names of victims of Nazism.
List of Stolpersteine in the city of Antwerp
Arendstraat 35: MOSES AVRAHAM GÖTZ
Boomgaardstraat 302: WOLF SZPIGIELMAN
SURA RYWKA SZPIGIELMAN-KOLIN
Kleine Beerstraat 15: MORDKA-JACOB LIEBERMAN
Lamorinièrestraat 66: PAUL LIPSCHITZ
Lange Kievitstraat 62: SALOMON BIRNZWEIG
Lange Kievitstraat 73: MEYER GLIKSBERG
Lange Leemstraat 144: ANNA RUTZKI
NICO DAVID WORKUM
Lange Leemstraat 257: HANS AMENT
Provinciestraat 167: MALA LEJA SUSSKIND GUTGOLD
Somersstraat 34: MAX TETELBAUM
Stoomstraat: KEYLA GITLA SZAFIRSTEJN
Van Luppenstraat 52: LUCIENNE FRIEDLER