Antwerpen - Stolpersteine

Information: Wikipedia

A Stolperstein literally "stumbling stone", metaphorically a "stumbling block" is a sett-size, 10 by 10 centimetres (3.9 in × 3.9 in) concrete cube bearing a brass plate inscribed with the name and life dates of victims of Nazi extermination or persecution.

 

The Stolpersteine project, initiated by the German artist Gunter Demnig in 1992, aims to commemorate individuals at exactly the last place of residency—or, sometimes, work—which was freely chosen by the person before he or she fell victim to Nazi terror, euthanasia, eugenics, was deported to a concentration or extermination camp, or escaped persecution by emigration or suicide. As of 29 March 2018, over 67,000 Stolpersteine have been laid in 22 countries, making the Stolpersteine project the world's largest decentralized memorial.

 

The majority of Stolpersteine commemorate Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Others have been placed for Sinti and Romani people (then also called "gypsies"), homosexuals, the physically or mentally disabled, Jehovah's Witnesses, black people, members of the Communist Party, the Social Democratic Party, and the anti-Nazi Resistance, the Christian opposition (both Protestants and Catholics), and Freemasons, along with International Brigade soldiers in the Spanish Civil War, military deserters, conscientious objectors, escape helpers, capitulators, "habitual criminals", looters, and others charged with treason, military disobedience, or undermining the Nazi military, as well as Allied soldiers.

 

Tuesday 5 March 2019, Gunter Demnig, the German artists and creator of the Stolpersteine, was in Antwerp to lay 26 stones with the names of victims of Nazism.

List of Stolpersteine in the city of Antwerp 

Arendstraat 35: MOSES AVRAHAM GÖTZ

Boomgaardstraat 302: WOLF SZPIGIELMAN

                                         SURA RYWKA SZPIGIELMAN-KOLIN

Kleine Beerstraat 15: MORDKA-JACOB LIEBERMAN

                                      MALKA LIEBERMAN-ZIN

                                      MATTEL PACK-LIEBERMAN

                                      PAULA PACK

                                      TONIA PACK

                                      JOSEPH PACK

Lamorinièrestraat 66: PAUL LIPSCHITZ

                                       FLORIE LIPSCHITZ-SHERMAN

Lange Kievitstraat 62: SALOMON BIRNZWEIG 

                                       ESTHER BIRNZWEIG-ECHT

Lange Kievitstraat 73: MEYER GLIKSBERG

Lange Leemstraat 257: HANS AMENT

Provinciestraat 167: MALA LEJA SUSSKIND  GUTGOLD

Somersstraat 34: MAX TETELBAUM

                               HERMAN TETELBAUM

Stoomstraat: KEYLA GITLA SZAFIRSTEJN

Van Luppenstraat 52: LUCIENNE FRIEDLER


Arendstraat 35

hier woonde

MOSES AVRAHAM

GÖTZ

geb. 1898

gearresteerd 16.12.1941

hechtenis Saint-Gillis

Breendonk - Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1943

Auschwitz

vermoord

Arendstraat 35

here lived

MOSES AVRAHAM

GÖTZ

born 1898

arrested 16.12.1941

detained Saint-Gillis

Breendonk - Mechelen

deported 1943

Auschwitz

murdered

Diamond cutter Moses Götz (b. 28/01/1897 in Jaroslaw, Poland) married to Ryfka Pschetizki (b. 16/06/1902 in Mlawa, Poland).

Moses Götz was deported from the Dossin barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau via Transport XIX on 15 January 1943 and subsequently perished.


Boomgaardstraat 302

hier woonde

WOLF SZPIGIELMAN

geb. 1883 Polen

aangehouden 10.10.1942

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Boomgaardstraat 302

here lived

WOLF SZPIGIELMAN

born 1883 Poland

arrested 10.10.1942

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered

Boomgaardstraat 302

hier woonde

SURA RYWKA

SZPIGIELMAN-KOLIN

geb. 1889 Polen

aangehouden 10.10.1942

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Boomgaardstraat 302

here lived

SURA RYWKA

SZPIGIELMAN-KOLIN

born 1889 Poland

arrested 10.10.1942

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered


Kleine Beerstraat 15

hier woonde

MORDKA-JACOB

LIEBERMAN

geb. 1882 Polen

aangehouden 21.10.1942

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Kleine Beerstraat 15

here lived

MORDKA-JACOB

LIEBERMAN

born 1882 Poland

arrested 21.10.1942

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered

Kleine Beerstraat 15

hier woonde

MALKA

LIEBERMAN-ZIN

geb. 1882 Polen

aangehouden 21.10.1942

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Kleine Beerstraat 15

here lived

MALKA

LIEBERMAN-ZIN

born 1882 Poland

arrested 21.10.1942

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered

Kleine Beerstraat 15

hier woonde

MATTEL

PACK-LIEBERMAN

geb. 1908 Polen

aangehouden 21.10.1942

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Kleine Beerstraat 15

here lived

MATTEL

PACK-LIEBERMAN

born 1908 Poland

arrested 21.10.1942

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered

Kleine Beerstraat 15

hier woonde

PAULA PACK

geb. 1935

aangehouden 21.10.1942

geinterneed Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Kleine Beerstraat 15

here lived

PAULA PACK

born 1935

arrested 21.10.1942

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered

Kleine Beerstraat 15

hier woonde

TONIA PACK

geb. 1937

aangehouden 21.10.1942

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Kleine Beerstraat 15

here lived

TONIA PACK

born 1937

arrested 21.10.1942

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered

Kleine Beerstraat 15

hier woonde

JOSEPH PACK

geb. 1910 Polen

Todt organisatie

zomer 1942

Atlantische muur

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Kleine Beerstraat 15

here lived

JOSEPH PACK

born 1910 Poland

Todt organisation

summer 1942

Atlantic wall

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered


Lamorinièrestraat 66

hier woonde

PAUL LIPSCHITZ

geb. 1892

aangehouden 11.1.1943

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1943

Auschwitz

vermoord

Lamorinièrestraat 66

here lived

PAUL LIPSCHITZ

born 1892

arrested 11.1.1943

internated Mechelen

deported 1943

Auschwitz

murdered

Lamorinièrestraat 66

hier woonde

FLORIE LIPSCHITZ-

SHERMAN

geb. 1897

aangehouden 11.1.1943

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1943

Auschwitz

vermoord

Lamorinièrestraat 66

here lived

FLORIE LIPSCHITZ-

SHERMAN

born 1897

arrested 11.1.1943

internated Mechelen

deported 1943

Auschwitz

murdered


Lange Kievitstraat 62

hier woonde

SALOMON BIRNZWEIG

geb. 1883

aangehouden 16.6.1943

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1943

Auschwitz

vermoord

Lange Kievitstraat 62

here lived

SALOMON BIRNZWEIG

born 1883

arrested 16.6.1943

internated Mechelen

deported 1943

Auschwitz

murdered

Lange Kievitstraat 62

hier woonde

ESTHER

BIRNZWEIG-ECHT

geb. 1885

aangehouden 16.6.1943

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1943

Auschwitz

vermoord

Lange Kievitstraat 62

here lived

ESTHER

BIRNZWEIG-ECHT

born 1885

arrested 16.6.1943

internated Mechelen

deported 1943

Auschwitz

murdered

In January 1941, Salomon and Esther Birenzweig, together with their son Idel, from Antwerp, were forced to evacuate to Alken, Limburg province, as part of the German policy to remove as many non-naturalized Belgian Jews from this city. In Alken, they stayed with Liz Knaepen. When they were allowed to return to Antwerp, they sent their daughter Toni Schwarz, her husband Herman and their two children, five-year-old Edith and three-year-old Emile, to Alken, in 1942, in the hope that they would find a permanent hiding place there.

 

And indeed, Toni and Herman were given the place the parents had earlier occupied with Liz Knaepen. During these years, Toni would make herself useful by mending the clothes of the extended Knaepen family, especially the men’s pants, while Herman helped out in the fields. Toni and Herman’s two children were taken in by Liz Knaepen’s brother, Jozef and his wife Elizabeth Knaepen. They had a large family of nine children. The arrival of the two small playmates caused great delight with the younger Knaepens, especially Remi and Louis, who were of about the same age as Edith and Emile. Their older sons had been taken by the Germans for forced labor. Edith slept with the girls, sharing a bed with the youngest. In order to maximize the children’s safety, they were registered in their adoptive parents’ marriage book in the names of two of their children who had died. Although the children’s parents lived next door, this was kept a secret from them and only after liberation was the family reunited.


Lange Kievitstraat 73

hier woonde

MEYER GLIKSBERG

geb. 1892 Polen

Todt organisatie

zomer 1942

Atlantische muur

geinterneerd Mechelen

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord

Lange Kievitstraat 73

here lived

MEYER GLIKSBERG

born 1892 Poland

Todt organisation

summer 1942

Atlantic wall

internated Mechelen

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered


Lange Leemstraat 257

hier woonde

HANS AMENT

geb. 1934 Oostenrijk

aangehouden 6.4.1944

Izieu

gevangen Montluc, Drancy

weggevoerd 30.5.1944

vermoord

Auschwitz

Lange Leemstraat 257

here lived

HANS AMENT

born 1934 Oostenrijk

arrested 6.4.1944

Izieu

imprisoned Montluc, Drancy

deported 30.5.1944

murdered

Auschwitz

Ten-year-old Hans Ament was one of the children living in the children's home in Izieu. Hans was arrested in the raid, taken to the Drancy concentration camp, and on 30 May 1944, was deported to Auschwitz where he was murdered.

 

Max Ament, born in Poland, and his wife Ernestina, from Hungary, lived in Vienna with their sons Alfred (b. 1928) and Hans (b. 1934). In 1939 the family moved to Belgium, planning to immigrate to the US. In March 1940, a US visa was issued to Hans in Antwerp, but in May 1940, before Hans was able to leave, the Germans invaded Belgium and the Aments fled to France.

 

Max was deported from Drancy in March 1943, and murdered at either Sobibor or Majdanek.  That same month, Ernestina was admitted to a sanatorium for tuberculosis patients, several dozen kilometers from the children's home in Izieu where her little boy, Hans had been brought. Her older son, sixteen-year-old Alfred, was smuggled into Switzerland by the OSE.

 

Hans was caught together with the other children at the home in Izieu, and deported on 30 May 1944 from Drancy to Auschwitz, where he was murdered. His mother Ernestina died in the sanatorium in August 1944. His brother Alfred immigrated to the US after the war.  In 1986, Alfred Ament submitted Pages of Testimony to Yad Vashem in memory of his father, Max and his brother, Hans.

In a letter that Hans sent from Izieu to his mother in the sanatorium, the ten-year-old wrote:

"100,000,000 big kisses from your son who is always thinking of you."


Provinciestraat 167

hier woonde

MALA LEJA

SUSSKIND  GUTGOLD

geb. 1892 Polen

aangehouden 6.10.1942

Mechelen

weggevoerd 10.10.1942

vermoord

Auschwitz

Provinciestraat 167

here lived

MALA LEJA

SUSSKIND  GUTGOLD

born 1892 Poland

arrested 6.10.1942

Mechelen

deported 10.10.1942

murdered

Auschwitz


Somersstraat 34

hier woonde

MAX TETELBAUM

geb. 1931

aangehouden 6.4.1944

Izieu

gevangen Montluc, Drancy

weggevoerd 13.4.1944

vermoord

Auschwitz

Somersstraat 34

here lived

MAX TETELBAUM

born 1931

arrested 6.4.1944

Izieu

imprisoned Montluc, Drancy

deported 13.4.1944

murdered

Auschwitz

Somersstraat 34

hier woonde

HERMAN TETELBAUM

geb. 1933

aangehouden 1944

Izieu

gevangen Montluc, Drancy

weggevoerd 13.4.1944

vermoord

Auschwitz

Somersstraat 34

here lived

HERMAN TETELBAUM

born 1933

arrested 1944

Izieu

imprisoned Montluc, Drancy

deported 13.4.1944

murdered

Auschwitz

Herman or Armand TETELBAUM was born on November 1, 1933 in Antwerp (Belgium). Parents Sefa born Silberberg and Jankiel.

 

He stayed at the Maison des Enfants des Morelles and was educated at Broût-Vernet from May to July 1942 under the number 899 of the register of the primary school of boys. In the column "Observations" it is indicated "gone to Marseille ». He joins his brother Max.

 

Max and Herman are among the 44 children arrested by Klaus Barbie and the Gestapo of Lyon in the raid of Izieu (Ain) April 6, 1944. Are also arrested 7 educators. Max and Herman were deported under the name TEITEL from Drancy to Auschwitz by convoy No. 71 of April 13, 1944.

Their mother - deported under the name of Charlotte-Gabrielle and Maurice are arrested in Chambéry and deported from Drancy to Auschwitz in the convoy N ° 72 of April 29, 1944.  Only Jankiel escaped the deportation.

Photo: left Herman - right Max


Stoomstraat

hier woonde

KEYLA GITLA

SZAFIRSTEJN

geb. 1894

gearresteerd 23.9.1940

Rivesaltes - Drancy

gedeporteerd 1942

Auschwitz

vermoord 17.8.1942

Stoomstraat

here lived

KEYLA GITLA

SZAFIRSTEJN

born 1894

arrested 23.9.1940

Rivesaltes - Drancy

deported 1942

Auschwitz

murdered 17.8.1942


Van Luppenstraat 52

hier woonde

LUCIENNE FRIEDLER

geb. 1939

aangehouden 6.4.1944

Izieu

gevangen Montluc, Drancy

weggevoerd 30.6.1944

vermoord

Auschwitz

Van Luppenstraat 52

here lived

LUCIENNE FRIEDLER

born 1939

arrested 6.4.1944

Izieu

imprisoned Montluc, Drancy

deported 30.6.1944

murdered

Auschwitz